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兵工学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 281-288.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1093.2021.02.006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

12.7mm机枪枪管损伤演变规律及其与椭圆弹孔关系

薛钧1, 王光华1, 乔自平1, 李峻松1, 郑秋1, 胡春东2   

  1. (1.中国兵器工业第208研究所, 北京 102202; 2.上海大学 材料科学与工程学院, 上海 200444)
  • 上线日期:2021-03-27
  • 通讯作者: 王光华(1965—),男,研究员级高级工程师 E-mail:guanghuawang@sina.com
  • 作者简介:薛钧(1983—), 男, 高级工程师。 E-mail: oil1999@163.com

The Evolution of Gun Barrel Damage and Its Relation with Elliptic Hole

XUE Jun1, WANG Guanghua1, QIAO Ziping1, LI Junsong1, ZHENG Qiu1, HU Chundong2   

  1. (1.No.208 Research Institute of China Ordnance Industries, Beijing 102202, China;2.School of Materials Science and Engineering,Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China)
  • Online:2021-03-27

摘要: 为探明12.7 mm大口径机枪枪管损伤演变规律及其对椭圆弹孔的影响,开展了寿命射击试验研究。采用光学显微镜、扫描电子显微镜、内窥镜和口径量规对枪管进行观察和测量,得到枪管内膛在寿命周期内的损伤规律。结果表明:12.7 mm机 枪枪管损伤存在3个典型区域,分别是线膛起始部位、高膛压区部位、枪管口部;这3个区域损伤速率和方式有所不同;线膛起始区域Cr层脱 落速率高,导致内径扩大速率高;高膛压区寿命初期Cr层保留完好,寿命后期发生突变,Cr层 脱落加速;枪管口部Cr层几乎没有脱落,损伤以磨损为主。该机枪枪管以椭圆弹孔数超标方式寿终,椭圆弹孔出现的原因是高膛压区部位阳线的Cr层剥落,致使膛线导转能力变弱,弹头转速低,从而导致椭圆弹孔出现。

关键词: 枪管损伤, Cr层, 线膛, 椭圆弹孔, 寿终

Abstract: The life firing experiment was carried out to investigate the damage evolution law of 12.7 mm large caliber machine gun barrel and its influence on elliptic hole. Optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, endoscope and caliber gauge were used to observe and measure the damaged barrel, and the damage rule of barrel bore during its life cycle was obtained. The results show that three typical barrel damage regions of 12.7 mm machine gun are at the initial position of refiled bore, the high bore pressure zone and the muzzle of barrel. The damage rates and modes are different in these three regions. The Cr layer in the initial region of refiled bore has a high shedding rate, leading to a high expansion rate of the inner diameter. In the early stage of the high bore pressure zone, the Cr layer remains intact, but in the later stage of life, the Cr layer falls off faster. The Cr layer at the muzzle of barrel is almost not shed, and the damage is mainly caused by wear. The barrel life of machine gun ends in the way of keyhole of bullet exceeding the standard. The forming reason of keyhole of bullet is that the refiling lands are damaged and stripped, which weakens the driving ability of refiling and makes the warhead rotate at a low speed, thus leading to the keyholes of bullet.

Key words: barreldamage, Crlayer, rifling, keyholeofbullet, endoflife

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